The participants of this study were 32 adult males with an average age of 58 years (Mancilla R, et al., 2021). They had either been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or were at risk for it.
These men performed 12 weeks of supervised exercise training either in the morning between 8.00- 10.00 a.m. or in the afternoon between 3.00-6.00 p.m.
The 2 groups were tested several ways and compared to each other. This is what the researchers found.
The participants who trained in the afternoon experienced superior beneficial effects of exercise compared with the ones that exercised in the morning. The following were some of the areas they benefitted more.
Peripheral insulin sensitivity, fasting plasma glucose levels, exercise performance and fat mass improved more in the group that exercised in the afternoon.
Rodrigo Mancilla, Bram Brouwers, Vera B Schrauwen-Hinderling, Matthijs K C Hesselink , Joris Hoeks, Patrick Schrauwen, Exercise training elicits superior metabolic effects when performed in the afternoon compared to morning in metabolically compromised humans, Physiol Rep. 2021 Jan;8(24):e14669.
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