Your Road to Wellness

Brain

Magnesium is Even More Important than We Used to Think

Posted by on Brain, Cardiovascular Disease, Eating, Gastrointestinal Health, General Health, General Health, Health, magnesium, Vitamin D | 0 comments

Research is documenting how functions, organs, and nutrients are all interconnected. We cannot look at anything as separate entities anymore if we are going to get an accurate impression of what happens physiologically from the input of nutrient intake as well as exercise. The GI tract is one example where researchers have documented communication between the GI tract and the brain. We know the brain also communicates with the GI tract.

Intestinal absorption and subsequent metabolism of a nutrient, to a certain extent, is dependent on the availability of other nutrients.

The following research is showing us how the intake and the impact of magnesium are affecting vitamin D levels.

Image result for magnesium

Magnesium assists in the activation of vitamin D because all of the enzymes that metabolize vitamin D seem to require magnesium (Uwitonze AM, Razzaque MS, 2018).

Deficiency in either of these nutrients is reported to be associated with skeletal deformities, cardiovascular diseases, and the metabolic syndrome.

The next study indicates the same thing. The researchers found that higher intake of magnesium resulted in higher blood levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), which is the most reliable way to measure vitamin D status (Deng X, et.al., 2013).

They also found associations of serum 25(OH)D with mortality, particularly due to cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer, and they were modified by magnesium intake. Magnesium has shown to reduce calcification of the arteries (Hruby A, et.al., 2014).

This means that if you must take a very high amount of vitamin D to keep your vitamin D level in a good range, you most likely need magnesium. If you take enough magnesium in a well-absorbed form, you should not need to take high amounts of vitamin D to keep it at a good level. What we also learn from research like this, is how important it is to take magnesium or any of the other common minerals in a formula that combines these minerals, since they affect each other. Amino acid chelates are the best form to take minerals because they are better absorbed and better tolerated. They don’t cause gastrointestinal irritation.

 

 

References
Deng X, Song Y, Manson JE, Signorello LB, Zhang SM, Shrubsole MJ, Ness RM, Seidner DL, Dai Q. Magnesium, vitamin D status and mortality: results from US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001 to 2006 and NHANES III. BMC Med. 2013 Aug 27;11:187.

Hruby A1, O’Donnell CJ2, Jacques PF1, Meigs JB3, Hoffmann U4, McKeown NM5. Magnesium intake is inversely associated with coronary artery calcification: the Framingham Heart Study. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2014 Jan;7(1):59-69.

Uwitonze AM, Razzaque MS. Role of Magnesium in Vitamin D Activation and Function. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2018 Mar 1;118(3):181-189.

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an easy way to effectively support bone, joints, connective tissue and neuromuscular function.

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This has Shown to Improve Memory, and it is Easy to Implement

Posted by on Alzheimer’s, Arthritis, Brain, Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, General Health, Health, Inflammation, Memory | 0 comments

Image result for low grade inflammationLow grade inflammation, the type of inflammation you usually don’t know you have, is harmful for all tissue, including the brain. Curcumin found in the spice turmeric has been shown to decrease inflammation and was for that reason studied to determine if it could provide protection for the brain.

40 participants were given either curcumin in a bioavailable form twice daily or a placebo for 18 months (Small GW, et.al., 2018). The participants did not have dementia, and the researchers found that taking curcumin twice daily, improved their memory and attention.

PET scanning suggested that the improvements were associated with a decrease in amyloid and tau accumulation in brain areas regulating mood and memory. Image result for amyloid and tau alzheimers brain

Amyloid and tau accumulation are usually found in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease.

Earlier research with another bioavailable form of curcumin showed that 1 hour after taking the curcumin, the participants experienced significant improvement in attention and working memory (Cox KH, et.al., 2015).

Taking a capsule twice a day is very easy and something everybody can do.

References
Small GW1, Siddarth P2, Li Z2, Miller KJ2, Ercoli L2, Emerson ND2, Martinez J2, Wong KP2, Liu J2, Merrill DA2, Chen ST2, Henning SM2, Satyamurthy N2, Huang SC2, Heber D2, Barrio JR2. Memory and Brain Amyloid and Tau Effects of a Bioavailable Form of Curcumin in Non-Demented Adults: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled 18-Month Trial. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2018 Mar;26(3):266 277.

Cox KH1, Pipingas A1, Scholey AB2. Investigation of the effects of solid lipid curcumin on cognition and mood in a healthy older population. J Psychopharmacol. 2015 May;29(5):642-51.

Better Curcumin

Curcumin is a good antioxidant, but it is especially effective in helping to reduce inflammation. For these reasons, curcumin provides many health benefits.

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Help improve brain function and decrease inflammation with small amounts of this mineral.

Posted by on Brain, General Health, Health, Inflammation | 0 comments

The research on the mineral boron started many years ago, and the more it has been studied the more we realize how important this mineral is. It turns out that it is involved in a huge number of important functions (Pizzorno L, 2015).

The following article describes how low boron intake can affect brain function and cognitive performance (Penland JG, 1994).

 

When compared to high intake of boron, low boron intake resulted in significant poorer performance in several areas, some of were eye-hand coordination, attention, long and short-term memory.

 

In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted on patients diagnosed

with osteoarthritis 2 common inflammatory markers, highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and TNF-alpha decreased significantly after 1 week of boron supplementation (Naghil MR, et.al., 2011).

 

Boron supplementation has even showed benefits for rheumatoid arthritis.

After 60 days of supplementation with boron, a significant decrease in the inflammatory markers erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-1alpha, IL-6 and TNF-alpha were found (Hussain SA, et.al., 2016).

 

Symptoms were also improved.

 

References

Hussain SA, Abood SJ, Gorial FI. The adjuvant use of calcium fructoborate and borax with etanercept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: Pilot study. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Dec 8;6(1):58-64.

Naghii MR, Mofid M, Asgari AR, Hedayati M, Daneshpour MS. Comparative effects of daily and weekly boron supplementation on plasma steroid hormones and proinflammatory cytokines. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2011 Jan;25(1):54-8. Pizzorno L. Nothing Boring About Boron. ntegr Med (Encinitas). 2015 Aug;14(4):35-48.

Scorei R, Mitrut P, Petrisor I, Scorei I. A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study to evaluate the effect of calcium fructoborate on systemic inflammation and dyslipidemia markers for middle-aged people with primary osteoarthritis. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011 Dec;144(1-3):253-63.

 

 

 

Better Curcumin

 We added boron to provide even more benefits. There is no other formula like this.

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Is there a connection between Cardiovascular risk and the risk for Alzheimer’s disease?

Posted by on Alzheimer’s, Brain, Dementia, General Health | 0 comments

 

An increased risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease is linked to the presence of apoE4, a genetic factor, which is also strongly associated with developing atherosclerosis which increases the risk for Cardiovascular disease (Altman R, Rutledge JC, 2010).                                                                     

The authors of the same article state that cardiovascular risk factors, including elevated blood cholesterol and triglycerides, increase the likelihood of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.

 

Researchers have also found that atherosclerosis causing obstruction of arteries at the base of the brain was more extensive in a group with Alzheimer’s disease when compared with a control group without dementia (Roher AE, et.al., 2011).

 

Arterial stiffness, atherosclerosis, endothelial degeneration and dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier can induce several features of Alzheimer’s disease including atrophy of certain areas of the brain (Kalaria RN, et.al., 2012). The endothelium is the inner lining of the blood vessels.

 

 

There are also other risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, I will write more about that later.

 

Making changes to the way you eat is the most effective way to reduce cardiovascular risk, and you would most likely also reduce your risk for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia at the same time.  

When we correct the reasons for chronic conditions, we see an improvement in many areas, since the same reasons are involved in most chronic conditions.

 

 

References

Altman R, Rutledge JC. The vascular contribution to Alzheimer’s disease. Clin Sci (Lond). 2010 Aug 5;119(10):407-21.

Kalaria RN, Akinyemi R, Ihara M. Does vascular pathology contribute to Alzheimer changes? J Neurol Sci. 2012 Nov 15;322(1-2):141-7.

Roher AE, Tyas SL, Maarouf CL, Daugs ID, Kokjohn TA, Emmerling MR, Garami Z, Belohlavek M, Sabbagh MN, Sue LI, Beach TG. Intracranial atherosclerosis as a contributing factor to Alzheimer’s disease dementia. Alzheimers Dement. 2011 Jul;7(4):436-44.

 

Learn to Eat Program

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This Can Help Prevent Shrinkage Of Key Brain Areas

Posted by on Brain, General Health | 0 comments

 

Shrinkage of certain brain areas is linked to decreased cognitive function and Alzheimer’s disease.

The researchers used MRI scanning of the brain to verify the results, and the participants were elderly people with increased risk for dementia (Douaud G, et.al., 2013).

In an initial randomized study the researchers did, they showed that treatment with these B vitamins: Folic acid 800 mcg,  B6 20 mg, and B12 500 mcg, slowed shrinkage of the whole brain volume over 2 years.

 

In this study, they demonstrated that vitamin B treatment reduced grey matter atrophy (shrinkage) 7-fold in the areas specifically vulnerable to the Alzheimer’s process.

In the placebo group, higher levels of homocysteine were associated with faster grey matter atrophy, but this is largely prevented by the B vitamins Folic acid, B6, and B12.

 

 

Homocysteine is a metabolite and an amino acid involved I an important metabolic pathway. It is however not healthy to have high homocysteine levels.

An earlier study found that higher folate levels were associated with a better cognitive function, and better performance on psychomotor speed regardless of homocysteine levels (deLau LM, et.al.,2007).

The 1092 participants did not have dementia and were between 60 and 90 years of age. They underwent extensive cognitive testing and brain imaging.

When 51 patients with Alzheimer’s disease and 65 cognitively screened controls were studied, blood holotranscobalamin which is the active fraction of blood B12, were found to be low in the Alzheimer’s patients (Refsum H, Smith AD, 2003).

 

Blood levels of regular cobalamin (B12) were however not low.

When you take B vitamins, take a high-quality B-Complex which should include all of the B vitamins and the metabolite of folic acid methyltetrahydrofolate, to ensure that your body can use it. I also recommend methylcobalamin which is the form of B12 important for the nervous system.

 

 

 

 

References

de Lau LM, Refsum H, Smith AD, Johnston C, Breteler MM. Plasma folate concentration and cognitive performance: Rotterdam Scan Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Sep;86(3):728-34.

Douaud G, Refsum H, de Jager CA, Jacoby R, Nichols TE, Smith SM, Smith AD. Preventing Alzheimer’s disease-related gray matter atrophy by B-vitamin treatment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jun 4;110(23):9523-8.

Refsum H, Smith AD. Low vitamin B-12 status in confirmed Alzheimer’s disease as revealed by serum holotranscobalamin. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Jul;74(7):959-61.

 

Vitamin B Complex

The B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B6 (pyridoxine), and B12 (cobalamin) comes in their physiologically active form, making them easier to absorb.

 

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How to Improve Your Brain Function

Posted by on Brain, Health, Inflammation | 0 comments

 

If you were going to focus on only 1 thing to improve your brain function, you should reduce inflammation.

When markers of low-grade inflammation and endothelial dysfunction were tested in participants between the age of 67 and 79, the study showed that both low-grade inflammation and endothelial dysfunction contributed to reduced information processing speed and executive function (Heringa SM, et.al., 2014).

The endothelium is the inner lining of the blood vessels.

 

Inflammation affects brain volume.

Lower performance on recognition memory and smaller left medial temporal lobe volumes (a part of the brain) was found in participants with detectable levels of the inflammatory marker CRP, when compared with those with undetectable CRP levels (Bettcher BM, et.al. 2012).

 

 

Mild cognitive impairment has been associated with increased levels of several inflammatory markers (Trollor JN, et.al., 2010).

The inflammatory marker hs-CRP which is a more sensitive marker of inflammation than the regular CRP is especially important both as a cardiovascular risk factor and also an important factor related to brain function.

Even at the age of 63, it was found that women in this study with higher hs-CRP levels had worse performance in executive function (Wersching H, et.al., 2010). Changes in the brain were also observed.

High hs-CRP has been found to predict poorer memory 12 years later in women between 60 and 70 years of age (Komulainen P, et.al., 2007).

 

The earlier you adopt a lifestyle and eating habits that will reduce low-grade inflammation, the better off you will be.

 

REFERENCE:

 

1. Heringa, S. M., Van den Berg, E., Reijmer, Y. D., Nijpels, G., Stehouwer, C. D. A., Schalkwijk, C. G., … & Dekker, J. M. (2014). Markers of low-grade inflammation and endothelial dysfunction are related to reduced information processing speed and executive functioning in an older population–the Hoorn StudyPsychoneuroendocrinology40, 108-118.

2.  Bettcher, B. M., Wilheim, R., Rigby, T., Green, R., Miller, J. W., Racine, C. A., … & Kramer, J. H. (2012). C-reactive protein is related to memory and medial temporal brain volume in older adultsBrain, behavior, and immunity26(1), 103-108.

3. Trollor, J. N., Smith, E., Baune, B. T., Kochan, N. A., Campbell, L., Samaras, K., … & Sachdev, P. (2010). Systemic inflammation is associated with MCI and its subtypes: the Sydney Memory and Aging Study. Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders30(6), 569-578.

4. Wersching, H., Duning, T., Lohmann, H., Mohammadi, S., Stehling, C., Fobker, M., … & Deppe, M. (2010). Serum C-reactive protein is linked to cerebral microstructural integrity and cognitive functionNeurology74(13), 1022-1029.

5. Komulainen, P., Lakka, T. A., Kivipelto, M., Hassinen, M., Penttilä, I. M., Helkala, E. L., … & Rauramaa, R. (2007). Serum high sensitivity C-reactive protein and cognitive function in elderly women. Age and Ageing36(4), 443-448.

 


Learn To Eat Program:

Recommendations that work. Foods that can reduce low-grade inflammation. This is not a regular diet.