Sugar sweetened beverages have been associated with type 2 diabetes, obesity and other health problems. The reviewed research specifically investigated the relationship with sugar intake, sugar sweetened beverages and endometrial cancer(Inoue-Choi M, et al. 2013).
The participants were 23,039 postmenopausal women. From 1986 to 2010, 506 cases of estrogen dependent endometrial cancers were identified. When compared with women who never drank sugar sweetened beverages, the cancer risk was 78 percent higher for the women in the highest quintile.
A higher risk for endometrial cancer was also found with higher sugar intake.
Sugar and sweets are seriously a major health hazard increasing the risk for many types of chronic conditions. You will reduce the risk for all of these health hazards by changing the habit of consuming sugar and sugar sweetened beverages.
If you have watched the news lately, you have probably heard about a study linking increased risk of prostate cancer with omega 3 fatty acids ( Brasky TM, et al. 2013). The media, looking for big headlines, presented this as a new truth about omega 3 fat. Supposedly, it was now dangerous to eat fish and take fish oil. If you have followed this, you have probably also seen a lot of objections to that conclusion, and authorities in this field have been pointing out flaws in the study.
This study is a good example of bad science. The conclusion that omega 3 fatty acids are causing prostate cancer can not be made. It was not a cause and effect study, showing that if you take omega 3 fatty acids you get prostate cancer.
These researchers did not account for important risk factors for prostate cancer. Without doing that, a lot of things can be found to cause prostate cancer. The study participants who developed prostate cancer could have started to take omega 3 fat after they had already been diagnosed with prostate cancer, yet there was no information related to that possibility.
The study did not consider any of the research showing that omega 3 fatty acids are beneficial if you have prostate cancer. Harvard University researchers have completed research on the effects of omega 3 fatty acids from fish on prostate cancer incidence and mortality which included 20167 men and 382144 person-years of follow ups (Chavarro JE, et al. 2008). They found that omega 3 fatty acids from fish was unrelated to prostate cancer incidence, but may improve prostate cancer survival. A Canadian study found no strong evidence for a protective association of fish consumption with prostate cancer, but it did show a significant 63 percent reduction in prostate cancer specific mortality.
How about women, breast cancer and omega 3 fatty acids?
As an example, one study concluded that DHA, one of the active ingredients in omega 3 fatty acids from fish, may slow the proliferation of tumor cells and minimize their metastatic potential (Blanckaert V,et al. 2010). There are also numerous studies showing benefits for the brain as well as the cardiovascular system. I don’t think all of this research can be wrong, so I prefer to keep taking my omega 3 fish oil.
It’s a common belief that artificially sweetened soft drinks are a good alternative to sugar sweetened ones. They are usually promoted as diet soft drinks, and people with Diabetes may also think it’s okay to drink this, because they don’t contain regular sugar.
The reviewed research is interesting because it compared regular sugar sweetened beverages with artificially sweetened ones, investigating the risk of type 2 diabetes (Fagherazzi G. et.al., 2013). A total of 66.118 women were followed from 1993.
The women who were in the highest quartiles of consumption of both beverages were at increased risk of type II diabetes. The artificially sweetened beverages were not any better at all.
Other studies have shown that people who drink artificially sweetened soft drinks don’t lose any more weight either. If you want something sparkly, try sparkling water instead.
I don’t usually recommend fruit juice because it is too sweet. Research has however documented that tomato juice provides several health benefits (Ghavipour M, et al. 2012).
The reviewed research investigated the association between tomato juice and the reduction of inflammation in overweight or obese women since an increased level of body fat leads to an increase in inflammatory mediators. The women consumed 330 ml of tomato juice per day for 20 days and were compared with a placebo group. Several inflammatory markers were tested at the beginning of the study and after 20 days.
The results showed that the inflammatory markers Il-8 and TNF-alpha decreased significantly in the group that drank the tomato juice when compared to the control group for the overweight women. In the group of obese women, the inflammatory marker Ii-6 was reduced.
So, if you drink juice, use tomato juice instead of fruit juice.
Losing our eye sight is not an attractive option, but there are a lot of things you can do to increase your odds of seeing well as you get older.
Researchers who conducted the study reviewed here examined the risk for developing age related macular degeneration in women aged 55 to 74 years (Mares JA, et al. 2010).
They found that the women whose diets scored in the highest quintile compared with the lowest quintile of a healthy eating index had 46% lower odds for developing early age related macular degeneration.
Also interesting was that the women in the highest quintile compared with those in the lowest quintile for physical activity had a 54% lower odds for early age related macular degeneration.
Having a combination of 3 healthy behaviors, a healthy diet, physical activity and not smoking were associated with an amazing 71% lower odds for age related macular degeneration.
It does not matter how much of it you eat, you will not gain weight from it. The more you eat of it, the more your cardiovascular disease risk will go down.
What kind of super food could that be? You might have guessed it, it is vegetables.
We all have heard that vegetables are good for us. This is exactly what a large recent study involving 13,355 men and 15,724 women living in Japan documented (Nakamura K, et al, 2008). It showed that the highest quartile of vegetables intake for women was associated with a 38% reduced risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease compared with the lowest quartile intake.
Eat at least one salad a day and of course you could even have two. When you eat something hot include some steamed or stir-fried vegetables.
If you add beans or lentils to a salad it will be a really low glycemic index meal that will give you prolonged energy.
Nakamura K, et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and mortality from cardiovascular disease are inversely associated in Japanese women but not in men. J Nutr. 2008 Jun;138(6):1129-34.