Your Road to Wellness

Weight loss

Could gluten cause problems for everybody?

Posted by on 8:17 am Eating, Inflammation, Inflammatory factor, Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, Low glycemic meals, The Learn to Eat Plan, Weight loss, Wellness | 0 comments

3d render of digestive systemThere is more and more information published every day on adverse reactions to gluten.

We used to believe that if you did not have celiac disease, you would not have any issues with gluten. This does not seem to be true since there are different degrees of gluten intolerance. People who have celiac disease just have a very severe reaction to it.

A gastroenterologist and researcher at Harvard University has published a very interesting article on this subject(Fasano,A,2011).

The intestinal mucosa act as a barrier to protect us from pathogens and other particles that are not supposed to be absorbed into the blood. This is called intestinal permeability. Dr. Fasano explains that gliadin (a protein found in gluten) trigger IL-8 (an inflammatory cytokine) leading to recruitment of neutrophils. Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell which are activated as a part of the body’s defense mechanism.

Gliadin increases intestinal permeability through the release of a substance called zonulin. When the intestinal permeability increases we may absorb both pathogens (bacterias) and larger proteins not intended to be absorbed, triggering an inflammatory response.

Gliadin also interacts with macrophages, another type of white blood cell. This establishes an inflammatory environment in the intestinal mucosa. Depending on genetic predisposition, we will then experience a more or less severe reaction. This may, for example, trigger an autoimmune response in someone who is predisposed to that.

In other words, it looks like gluten is triggering an inflammatory response in everybody, but because we don’t have exactly the same genes, we will not have exactly the same reaction.

Gluten is found in common grains, but gluten free grains are not without problems either because they elevate the blood glucose high.

There are; however, solutions to this which you will find in the Learn to Eat program.

 

 

 Fasano A.  Zonulin and its regulation of intestinal barrier function: the biological door to inflammation, autoimmunity, and cancer. Physiol Rev. 2011 Jan;91(1):151-75. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00003.2008.

Interesting reason why you may gain fat around your waist.

Posted by on 1:35 pm BMJ Formula, Body fat, Eating, Exercise, Fat, Inflammation, Intensity Training, Waist circumference, Weight, Weight loss | 0 comments

Woman's fingers measuring her belly fatWhen you notice that you have gained fat around your waist, it usually also means that you have gained visceral fat.

Visceral fat is fat deposited around your inner organs, and is contributing to metabolic dysfunction and inflammation.

The reviewed research is very interesting because it investigated if there was a connection between an increase in waist circumference, visceral fat, and increased intestinal permeability (Gummesson A, et al. 2011). Intestinal permeability is a way to tell if we are absorbing particles into the blood that were not meant to be absorbed. The mucosal membranes of the intestinal tract are supposed to protect us from absorbing pathogens like bacteria’s and also large protein particles that were not meant to be absorbed. Our body will attempt to defend itself by triggering inflammation when we absorb particles that we are not meant to absorb.

 In this study, waist circumference and intestinal permeability were measured, and computed tomography and dual energy X-Ray were also used. A positive correlation was found between waist circumference and intestinal permeability. Visceral fat and liver fat also correlated with increased intestinal permeability.

It is important to have normal intestinal permeability and a well functioning gastrointestinal tract for many reasons, and it may also help you in keeping your waist slim.

Click here to learn how to eat to support a healthy gastrointestinal tract.

Gummesson A1, Carlsson LM, Storlien LH, Bäckhed F, Lundin P, Löfgren L, Stenlöf K, Lam YY, Fagerberg B, Carlsson B. Intestinal permeability is associated with visceral adiposity in healthy women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Nov;19(11):2280-2. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.251. Epub 2011 Aug 18.

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Not all exercise burns fat equally.

Posted by on 11:01 am BMJ Formula, Body fat, Eating, Exercise, Get in shape, Intensity Training, Weight, Weight loss | 0 comments

Gym CyclingHave you accepted this truism: that the more physically active you are, the less likely you are to gain weight? Here is the catch: not all exercise is equally effective when it comes to burning fat. The good news is you don’t have to exercise for several hours a day to make a difference.

The reviewed research is very interesting and the results may surprise you. Healthy young men were divided into three groups: one control group did not exercise, one group did moderate intensity exercise at 50 percent Vo2peak for 60 minutes, and one group did high intensity exercise, alternating 2 minutes at 90 percent Vo2peak with 2 minutes at 25 percent Vo2peak(Trombold JR, et al. 2013). The energy expenditure was the same for both exercise groups.

The participants were provided a test meal the morning after the exercises. Tests were performed fasting before the meal, and 2, 4, and 6 hours after the meal.

The results showed that even if the participant had similar energy expenditures the high intensity exercise was more effective in lowering triglycerides after the meal. The high intensity was also more effective in increasing fat oxidation which means the high intensity exercise burned more fat.

 

 

 

Trombold JR, Christmas KM, Machin DR, Kim IY, Coyle EF Acute high-intensity endurance exercise is more effective than moderate-intensity exercise for attenuation of postprandial triglyceride elevation. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2013 Mar 15;114(6):792-800. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01028.2012. Epub 2013 Jan 31.

Walk fast to get help with with weight loss.

Posted by on 1:00 pm BMI, BMJ Formula, Body fat, Body mass index, Exercise, Exercise, Get in shape, Lose fat, Sports performance, Vigorous Activity, Waist circumference, Weight, Weight loss | 0 comments

Running on treadmillWalking has been promoted as an easy way to lose weight and stay in shape, but is it really effective? That is exactly what the reviewed researched investigated.

The participants a total of 4511 adults aged 18-64 years were included in the study(Fan JX, et al. 2013). The body mass index (BMI) were measured and accelerometers were used to evaluate minutes per day of high intensity bouts of walking of either 10 minutes or more, or less than 10 minutes. This was compared with lower intensity walking of 10 minutes or more per day and lower intensity walking of less than 10 minutes per day.

It was found that both higher intensity short-duration or walking long-duration were related to reduced BMI or risk of overweight/obesity. Neither the short walks or the long walks of lower intensity were found to have a positive effect on BMI or risk of overweight/obesity.

The message is that even less than 10 minutes of walking per day can help you prevent weight gain if it is high intensity walking. This is another example showing that it is the intensity of the exercise you do that is important, not the time you spend doing it. The more intense you exercise, the less time you need to spend doing it.

 

 

 

Fan JX, Brown BB, Hanson H, Kowaleski-Jones L, Smith KR, Zick CD Moderate to vigorous physical activity and weight outcomes: does every minute count? Am J Health Promot. 2013 Sep-Oct;28(1):41-9. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.120606-QUAL-286. Epub 2013 Mar 4.

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The Surprising Effect of Berries

Posted by on 11:04 am Antioxidents, Bloodsugar, Diet, High glycemic index, Tissue Recovery Blog, Weight loss | 0 comments

Fresh raspberries and blueberries in a plate, berriesIf you like berries, this research is good news for you. Berries are known for their high antioxidant content, but this study investigated the effects of berries on glucose control (Törrönon R. et al. 2013).

Researchers measured both glucose and insulin after eating white bread or rye bread – with or without berries to see if it would reduce the glucose and insulin response.

The participants, who were healthy females, consumed either white bread or rye bread. Both breads were equal to 50 grams of available starch. First, both breads were consumed without berries. Second, both breads were consumed with 150 grams of whole-berry puree. Third, at a separate time the participants also consumed the bread with one specific type of berry. The results were very interesting.

The berry mixture improved the glycemic profile of the breads. The white bread was improved 38 percent – which means the berries reduced blood glucose. After eating white bread, the berries reduced the blood glucose an astounding 38 percent. Strawberries alone reduced blood glucose by 36 percent. Strawberries, bilberries, lingonberries, choke berries and the berry mix all reduced the insulin response after eating bread. Even when berries are sweet, they are still able to lower blood glucose when eaten with a high glycemic index food like bread.

 

 

 

Törrönen R, Kolehmainen M, Sarkkinen E, Poutanen K, Mykkänen H, Niskanen L. Berries reduce postprandial insulin responses to wheat and rye breads in healthy women. Epub 2013 Jan 30. J Nutr. 2013 Apr;143(4):430-6. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.169771.

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If you like juice, tomato juice is a good choice.

Posted by on 12:34 pm Health, Weight loss, Women, Womens health | 0 comments

I don’t usually recommend fruit juice because it is too sweet. Research has however documented that tomato juice provides several health benefits (Ghavipour M, et al. 2012).

The reviewed research investigated the association between tomato juice and the reduction of inflammation in overweight or obese women since an increased level of body fat leads to an increase in inflammatory mediators. The women consumed 330 ml of tomato juice per day for 20 days and were compared with a placebo group. Several inflammatory markers were tested at the beginning of the study and after 20 days.

The results showed that the inflammatory markers Il-8 and TNF-alpha decreased significantly in the group that drank the tomato juice when compared to the control group for the overweight women. In the group of obese women, the inflammatory marker Ii-6 was reduced.

So, if you drink juice, use tomato juice instead of fruit juice.

 

 

 

Ghavipour M, Saedisomeolia A, Djalali M, Sotoudeh G, Eshraghyan MR, Malekshahi Moghadam A, Wood LG. Tomato juice consumption reduces systemic inflammation in overweight and obese females. Br J Nutr. 2013 Jun;109(11):2031-5. doi: 10.1017/S0007114512004278. Epub 2012 Oct 15.