|Where Recommendations are Based on Scientific Evidence|
Arthritis Rheum. 1999 May;42(5):854-60.
Serum vitamin D levels and incident changes of radiographic hip osteoarthritis: a longitudinal study. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group.
Division of Rheumatology, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA.
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of serum levels of 25-vitamin D and 1,25-vitamin D to incident changes of radiographic hip osteoarthritis (OA) among elderly white women. METHODS: Baseline and followup hip radiographs of 237 subjects were obtained an average of 8 years apart. Hips were scored for individual radiographic features (IRF) and assigned a summary grade based on the number and type of IRF present. Serum 25- and 1,25-vitamin D levels from baseline samples were analyzed by radioimmunoassay. Logistic and linear regression were used to examine the association of 25- and 1,25-vitamin D levels with radiographic changes, adjusting for age, health status, physical activity, weight, vitamin D supplement use, and calcaneal bone mineral density. RESULTS: The risk of incident hip OA defined as the development of definite joint space narrowing was increased for subjects who were in the middle (odds ratio [OR] 3.21, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.06, 9.68) and lowest (OR 3.34, 95% CI 1.13, 9.86) tertiles for 25-vitamin D compared with subjects in the highest tertile. Vitamin D levels were not associated with incident hip OA defined as the development of definite osteophytes or new disease according to the summary grade. No association between serum 1,25-vitamin D and changes in radiographic hip OA was found. CONCLUSION: Low serum levels of 25-vitamin D may be associated with incident changes of radiographic hip OA characterized by joint space narrowing.
PMID: 10323440 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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